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Fenians in the North East of England during the 1890s.

[Note: This post was originally given as a paper entitled ‘An analysis of advanced nationalist activity amongst the Irish diaspora in the North East of England during the 1890s’ at ‘The Irish Diaspora and Revolution 1845-1945’ conference organised in 2012 by the Department of History, National University of Ireland, Maynooth. Some small changes have been […]

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‘Women with women’s hearts and women’s hands’: The Ladies’ Land League in the North East of England.

In the preface to her book Unmanageable Revolutionaries, Margaret Ward explained that it was not until the re-building of the nationalist movement in Ireland following the Easter Rising that nationalist women had ‘their demand for an equality of status at least partially accepted’.[1] Consequently, in 1919, Theresa Mason was able to join the leadership of […]

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1914: Irish Volunteers on Tyneside.

After the third Irish Home Rule Bill was introduced in parliament in April 1912, an armed militia was raised in Ulster to resist Home Rule and by December 1912 there were twenty battalions of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) in Belfast alone.[1] It was inevitable that Irish nationalists would respond to defend Home Rule and […]

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M J Kelly, Newcastle’s Fenian school teacher.

In February 1869, police in Liverpool arrested Michael James Kelly, a young Irish picture dealer and stationer, at his shop in Tithebarn Street for ‘seditiously exposing to view and selling a certain wicked, malicious, and seditious print against our Lady the Queen and Government’.[1] This ‘seditious print’, a chromo-lithograph imported from New York, was entitled […]

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Daniel O’Connell in Newcastle.

On 14 September 1835, Daniel O’Connell, Member of Parliament for Dublin City, made his first and only visit to Newcastle upon Tyne as part of a ten-day tour of northern England and Scotland. Six years before, ‘King Dan’, through his energetic mobilisation of the Catholic Association, had forced a hostile Tory government to yield Catholic […]

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Theresa Mason, Tyneside’s Irish republican activist.

In March 1919, against a background of escalating violence in Ireland, a new nationalist political organisation, the Irish Self-Determination League of Great Britain (ISDL), was created by Sinn Féin to mobilise the support of the Irish living in Britain. And, in the industrial towns and colliery villages of the North East of England, from Ashington […]